primarily by Maurizio Lazzarato, Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri – succeed, to a certain extent .. Lazzarato, M. () ‘Immaterial Labor’, trans. P. Colilli and. Much of the work performed today is immaterial labor and it involves new power relations in which NOTE: Lazzarato is not describing digital. At the simplest level of definition, Lazzarato claims that immaterial labor is “labor that produces the informational and cultural content of the.

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Workers need to feel autonomous and free but at the same time they must be productive.

Services If from industry proper we move on to the “services” sector large banking services, insurance, and so forththe characteristics of the process I have described appear even more clearly. The communicational relationship both vertically and horizontally is thus completely predetermined in both form and content; it is subordinated to the “circulation of information” and is not expected to be anything other.

General Intellect and Immaterial Labour’, in T.

Immaterial labor

This page was last modified on 30 Marchat It seems then that the postindustrial commodity is the result of a creative process that involves both the producer and the consumer.

Manufacturing is regarded as a service and the material labor of the production of durable goods mixes with and tends toward immaterial labor. These are the terms in which we have to understand the cycle of production and the organization of labor. Mustapha, The Philosophy of Antonio Negri: In this process of socialization and subsumption within the economy of intellectual activity the “ideological” product tends to assume the form of a commodity.

His focus is on power relations between post-Fordist corporations and information workers. I have defined working-class labor as an abstract activity that nowadays involves the application of subjectivity. The various different post-Fordist models have been constructed both on the defeat of the Fordist worker and on the recognition of the centrality of an ever increasingly intellectualized living labor within production.


I want to demonstrate in particular how the process of valorization tends to be identified with the process of the production of social communication and how the two stages valorization and communication immediately have a social and territorial dimension. The “tone” is that of the people who were in executive command under Taylorization; all that has changed is the content. Once this viewpoint comes to dominate within social produc – tion, we find that we have an interruption in the continuity of models of production.

Fashion here functions like a barrier that incessantly comes up because it is incessantly battered down. First, values are “put to work. In the Taylorist and Fordist systems of production, by introducing the mass consumption of standardized commodities, Ford could still say that the consumer has the choice between one black model T5 and another black model T5.

Finally, a third type of immaterial labor involves the production and manipulation of affects and requires virtual or actual human contact and proximity. The subject becomes a simple relayer of codification and decodification, whose immateriaal messages must be “clear and free of ambiguity,” within a communications context that has been completely normalized by management.

Immaterial Labor – AcaWiki

In this case, however, communication has not been impoverished but rather production has been enriched to the level of complexity of human interaction. What role does immaterial labor have in this process? Manual labor is increasingly coming to involve procedures that could be defined as “intellectual,” and the new communications technologies increasingly require subjectivities that are rich in knowledge.

Immaterial labor constitutes itself in immediately collective forms that exist as networks and flows. The location in which it operates is outside in the society at large, at a territorial level that we could call “the basin of immaterial immaaterial. Autonomist feminists have also taken issue with the use of the word “immaterial” to describe affective and care workwhich necessarily maintains an affective and embodied component.


Here one can measure the extent to which the cycle of immaterial labor has come to assume a strategic role within the global organization of production.

Sociology and labor economics, being systemic disciplines, are both incapable of detaching themselves from this position. The new phenomenologies of labor, the new dimensions of organization, communication, the potentiality of spontaneous synergies, the autonomy of the subjects involved, and the independence of the networks were neither foreseen nor foreseeable by a general theory that believed that material labor and an industrial economy were indispensable.

What modern management techniques are looking for is for “the worker’s soul to become part of the factory. I should emphasize, however, that the subsumption of this process under capitalist logic and the transformation of its products into commodities does not abolish the specificity of aesthetic labro, that is to say, the creative relationship between author and audience.

Even the most rudimentary forms of artificial intelligence allow the computer to expand and perfect its operation based on interaction with its user and its environment. I should point out that lazarato I am describing is not some utopian vision of recomposition, but the very real terrain and conditions of the conflict between social classes.

But how is the production process of social communication formed? Lazzarato makes an argument about classical economics versus system theory, suggesting that if we move beyond them, we can define “a space for radical autonomy of the productive synergies of immaterial labor”Work can thus be defined as the capacity to activate and manage immsterial cooperation.

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